A general continuum approach to describe fast electronic transport in pulsed laser irradiated materials: The problem of Coulomb explosion

Nadezhda M. Bulgakova, Razvan Stoian, Arkadi Rosenfeld, Wladimir Marine, Eleanor E.B. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a continuum model, based on a drift-diffusion approach, aimed to describe the dynamics of electronic excitation, heating and charge-carrier transport in different materials (metals, semiconductors, and dielectrics) under femtosecond and nanosecond pulsed laser irradiation. The laser-induced charging of the targets is investigated at laser intensities above the material removal threshold. It is demonstrated that, under near-infrared femtosecond irradiation regimes, charging of dielectric surfaces causes a sub-picosecond electrostatic rupture of the superficial layers, alternatively called Coulomb explosion (CE), while this effect is strongly inhibited for metals and semiconductors as a consequence of superior carrier transport properties. On the other hand, simulations of UV nanosecond pulsed laser interaction with bulk silicon have pointed out the possibility of Coulomb explosion in semiconductors. For such regimes a simple analytical theory for the threshold laser fluence of CE has been developed, showing results in agreement with the experimental observations. Various related aspects concerning the possibility of CE depending on different irradiation parameters (fluence, wavelength and pulse duration) are discussed. This includes the temporal and spatial dynamics of charge-carrier generation in non-metallic targets and evolution of the reflection and absorption characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number09
Pages (from-to)121-135
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5448
Issue numberPART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
EventHigh-Power Laser Ablation V - Taos, NM, United States
Duration: 25 Apr 200430 Apr 2004

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