A Cross-National Comparison of Art Curricula for Kindergarten-Aged Children

Heejin Kim, Hajin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The aim of this research is to make a cross-national comparison of art curricula for kindergarten-aged children across five countries—Korea, Norway, New Zealand, Slovakia and Singapore. A document analysis was conducted on the five curricula using a constant comparative approach for selected qualitative statements to analyse two major constructs: ‘art within the curriculum system’ and the ‘educational value of art’. Only two countries expressly mentioned art education in the overall aims of their curricula document. All five countries included art education as part of an interdisciplinary learning area. The goals of art education were primarily concerned with art expression in the affective domain. The content of art education identified in the curriculum documents was related mainly to expression. Guidance on assessment of art education was lacking in most countries. While the value of art was recognized by all countries, art education did not appear to have enough attention or recognition in the ‘general aims’ of the curricula. Governments should give greater consideration to the value of art education to maximize its many positive effects on children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-210
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Early Childhood
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


  • Art curricula
  • Art education
  • Document analysis
  • Early childhood education
  • Kindergarten


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