A comparison of risperidone and haloperidol for the risk of ischemic stroke in the elderly: a propensity score-matched cohort analysis

Ju Young Shin, Nam Kyong Choi, Joongyub Lee, Mi Ju Park, Shin Haeng Lee, Byung Joo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: With an increase in antipsychotic use in the elderly, the safety profile of antipsychotics has been emphasized. Strong concerns have been raised about whether the risk of ischemic stroke differs between risperidone and haloperidol. This study compared the risk of ischemic stroke between elderly patients taking risperidone and haloperidol. Method: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Korea Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database, applying a propensitymatched analysis. The cohort consisted of elderly patients who were newly prescribed haloperidol or risperidone between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2009. Patients with prior cerebrovascular diseases (ICD-10, I60-I69), transient ischemic attack (ICD-10, G45), or cerebral tumors (ICD- 10, C31) during 365 days prior to the initiation date were excluded. The study subjects were selected by propensity score matching. The outcome was defined as the first hospitalization for ischemic stroke (ICD-10, I63). Cox regression models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for ischemic stroke with haloperidol compared with risperidone use. Results: A total of 14,103 patients were included in the propensity-matched cohort for each drug. Overall, the incidence rate was higher for haloperidol users compared to the risperidone users (6.43 per 1000 person-years vs. 2.88 per 1000 person-years). A substantially increased risk was observed in haloperidol users (adjusted HR = 2.02, 95% CI, 1.12-3.62). Conclusions: The evidence showed that haloperidol should be prescribed in the elderly with caution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)903-909
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychopharmacology
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Aug 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© British Association for Psychopharmacology.

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Brain ischemia
  • Geriatrics
  • Haloperidol
  • Risperidone
  • Stroke

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