A Comparison of Open-Construct PEEK Suture Anchor and Non-Vented Biocomposite Suture Anchor in Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial

Jong Ho Kim, Yang Soo Kim, In Park, Hyo Jin Lee, Sang Yup Han, Sehoon Jung, Sang Jin Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To compare radiologic bone ingrowth and the clinical outcomes of an open-construct (PEEK) (polyether ether ketone) suture anchor with those of a non-vented biocomposite suture anchor in patients with arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Methods: Sixty-nine patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups based on type of suture anchors used for rotator cuff repair; group 1: open-construct PEEK anchor (36 patients), group 2: non-vented biocomposite anchor (33 patients). The status of bone ingrowth into the anchor and the presence of cyst formation were evaluated at 6 months postoperatively by computed tomography scan using the Modified Barber's ossification scale. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, Constant score, and visual analog scale score for pain and range of motion were evaluated. Magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasonography was performed at 12 months postoperatively to examine the integrity of the repaired rotator cuff tendon. Results: Significant improvements in shoulder function and pain relief were observed regardless of the anchor used (both Group 1 and 2; P < .001). No differences were found in functional scores and range of motion between the 2 groups. Group 1 showed better bone ingrowth grades than group 2 (poor 2.8 vs 24.2%, fair 27.8 vs 39.4%, good 38.9 vs 33.3%, and excellent 30.6 vs 3.0%; P < .001). The rate of cyst formation around the anchor on the 6 months’ postoperative computed tomography (group 1: 14% and group 2: 12%) and re-tear rate at 12 months (5% each) showed no difference between the 2 groups. Conclusions: Shoulder function was improved after complete rotator cuff repair and similar clinical outcomes were achieved regardless of suture anchor material and shape. However, the open-construct PEEK anchor provided better bone ingrowth into the anchor than the non-vented biocomposite anchor at 6 months after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Level of Evidence: Level I; Prospective Randomized Trial

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-396
Number of pages8
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

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