This article presents an optoelectronic receiver IC with on-chip avalanche photodiode (APD) realized in a 180-nm CMOS process for the applications of indoor-monitoring light detection and ranging (LiDAR) sensors. As an on-chip optical detector, a CMOS p+ /n-well APD is integrated, thereby enabling to avoid unwanted signal distortion from bond-wires and electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection diodes. Various circuit techniques are exploited in this work, including the dual-feedback folded-cascode differential transimpedance amplifier (DFD-TIA) to achieve fully differential signaling from the input stage, an active single-to-differential (ASD) converter to minimize the inherent mismatches of the preceding DFD-TIA, a cross-coupled inverter-based postamplifier (CI-PA) to improve the symmetry of the output voltage swings, and a two-stage differential amplifier with negative impedance compensation (TDA-NIC) to obtain gain-boosting and wide bandwidth characteristics. Measured results of the proposed optoelectronic receiver IC demonstrate 87-dB Ω transimpedance gain, 577-MHz bandwidth, 15.4-pA/ Hz noise current spectral density, 4.18- μ A pp minimum detectable signal that corresponds to the maximum detection range of 10 m, and 50.6-mW power dissipation from a 1.8-V supply. Optical measurements utilizing an 850-nm laser diode with the average power of 10 mW reveal that the proposed optoelectronic receiver IC successfully recovers narrow 1-ns light pulses with the full-width at half-maximum (FHWM) of 840 ps even at the short distance of 50 cm. Hence, this work provides a potential solution for low-cost, low-power short-range LiDAR sensors.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) under Grant 2020R1A2C1008879; and in part by the National Research Foundation (NRF), Korea, under Project BK21 FOUR.
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- Avalanche photodiode (APD)
- light detection and ranging (LiDAR)
- transimpedance amplifier (TIA)