A series of 4-([1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-6-yl)-5(3)-(6-methylpyridin-2- yl)imidazoles and -pyrazoles 14a-c, 15a-c, 16a, 16b, 19a-d, 21a, and 21b has been synthesized and evaluated for their ALK5 inhibitory activity in an enzyme assay and in a cell-based luciferase reporter assay. Among them, the pyrazole derivative 21b inhibited ALK5 phosphorylation with an IC50 value of 0.018 μM and showed 95% inhibition at 0.03 μM in a luciferase reporter assay using HaCaT cells permanently transfected with p3TP-luc reporter construct. The 21b showed a high selectivity index of 284 against p38α MAP kinase. The binding pose of 21b generated by docking analysis reveals that it fits well into the ATP binding cavity of ALK5 by forming several hydrogen bond interactions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by RP-Grant 2011 of Ewha Womans University.
- ALK5 inhibitor
- Cell-based luciferase reporter assay
- Kinase assay