360° Image Reference-Based Super-Resolution Using Latitude-Aware Convolution Learned from Synthetic to Real

Hee Jae Kim, Je Won Kang, Byung Uk Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


High-resolution (HR) 360° images offer great advantages wherever an omnidirectional view is necessary such as in autonomous robot systems and virtual reality (VR) applications. One or more 360° images in adjacent views can be utilized to significantly improve the resolution of a target 360° image. In this paper, we propose an efficient reference-based 360° image super-resolution (RefSR) technique to exploit a wide field of view (FoV) among adjacent 360° cameras. Effective exploitation of spatial correlation is critical to achieving high quality even though the distortion inherent in the equi-rectangular projection (ERP) is a nontrivial problem. Accordingly, we develop a long-range 360 disparity estimator (DE360) to overcome a large and distorted disparity, particularly near the poles. Latitude-aware convolution (LatConv) is designed to generate more robust features to circumvent the distortion and keep the image quality. We also develop synthetic 360° image datasets and introduce a synthetic-to-real learning scheme that transfers knowledge learned from synthetic 360° images to a deep neural network conducting super-resolution (SR) of camera-captured images. The proposed network can learn useful features in the ERP-domain using a sufficient number of synthetic samples. The network is then adapted to camera-captured images through the transfer layer with a limited number of real-world datasets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155924-155935
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.


  • 360° imagery
  • disparity estimation
  • latitude-aware convolution
  • reference-based super-resolution
  • synthetic-to-real transfer learning


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