The 2,2-dimethyl-2H-pyran-derived alkaloids acronycine and its demethylated congeners were prepared in three steps from anthranilic acid and phloroglucinol. The phenylboronic acid-mediated interamolecular cyclization reaction of 1,3-dihydroxyacridone and 3-methylbut-2-enal was employed as a key step, which was also applied to the synthesis of related cytotoxic benzo[b]acronycine. Inhibitory activities of the compounds prepared on topoisomerase I and II as well as their cytotoxicities were evaluated. Cytotoxicity of 2 is closely related to the strong inhibitory activity against topo II at 20 μM level.
- 2,2-Dimethyl-2H-pyran-derived alkaloid
- Phenylboronic acid
- Topoisomerase inhibitor