Designed and synthesized 60 2-thienyl-4-furyl-6-aryl pyridine derivatives were evaluated for their topoisomerase I and II inhibitory activities at 20 μM and 100 μM and cytotoxicity against several human cancer cell lines. Compounds 8, 9, 11-29 showed significant topoisomerase II inhibitory activity and compounds 10 and 11 showed significant topoisomerase I inhibitory activity. Most of the compounds (7-21) possessing 2-(5-chlorothiophen-2-yl)-4-(furan-3-yl) moiety showed higher or similar cytotoxicity against HCT15 cell line as compared to standards. Most of the selected compounds displayed moderate cytotoxicity against MCF-7, HeLa, DU145, and K562 cell lines. Structure-activity relationship study revealed that 2-(5-chlorothiophen-2-yl)-4-(furan-3-yl) moiety has an important role in displaying biological activities.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ( R11-2007-040-02004-0 ).
- 2-Thienyl-4-furyl-6-aryl pyridine
- Topoisomerase I and II