Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the learning experiences of students with severe and multiple disabilities, based on parents' perception and needs in online learning in the COVID-19 situation. Method: A total of six parents with children who are in secondary special schools, mainly with physical disabilities, participated in this study. Qualitative research was carried out based on a semi-structured interview guideline. Interviews were analyzed using the constant comparative method. Results: Four main and 12 sub themes were derived as a result of this study. The main themes are (a) online class as a new experience for everyone, (b) parents' struggles to support children with severe and multiple disabilities, (c) environmental factors that cause difficulties, and (d) ways for improved participation. Conclusion: Participation issues related to students' physical characteristics, lack of amount and quality of interaction, growing burden of childcare, advocating, education were the main points based on the experience of parents with children with severe and multiple disabilities participating in online classes. Considering this, enhancing quality, amount and variety of contactless classes, improving home learning environments with coaching programs, increasing the quality of face-to-face support were suggested as strategies to enhance students' participation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Exploring Mothers' Difficulties and Support Needs in Online Learning for Students with Severe and Multiple Disabilities during Pandemic Situation|
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Korean Journal of Physical, Multiple and Health Disabilities|
|State||Published - 2021|
- distance learning
- in-depth interview
- qualitative study