그림책 읽기에서 일반아동 및 어휘발달지연 아동의 이야기 이해 능력 및 안구 운동 패턴 분석: 시선추적기 연구

Translated title of the contribution: An eye-tracking study of picture book reading in preschool children with and without language delay

Dongsun Yim, Wonjeong Park, Shinyoung Kim, Jiyun Han, Eun Song, Jinkyeong Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: A child's information processing and language skills may be important factors that influence story comprehension during book reading. Using an eye-tracking method, the present study investigated how age, gender, and language skills influence young children's book reading by measuring online eye-movement. Methods: A total of 18 children (4-6 years old) participated in the study. One picture book without text was modified for the study. A total of 6 pages presented on a computer screen while children listened to a pre-recorded story. After reading, children were asked to answer story comprehension questions. The dependent variables were total fixation duration, average fixation duration, fixation time, fixation count, and first fixation duration. Correlation analyses were conducted among the variables age, story comprehension, and eye movement. Gender differences in the eye movement and story comprehension variables were analyzed. In addition, eye movement patterns and story comprehension performances were compared between children with typical development (N=5) and children with language delay (N=5). Results: First, significant correlation was found only between story comprehension and first fixation duration. Second, gender differences were significant only on the fixation count. Lastly, group differences were significant on both story comprehension and some eye movement variables. Conclusion: An eye tracking method is useful to reveal online processing during book reading. Children's eye movement patterns differed depending on gender and language abilities. The findings indicate that depending on a child's profile, different reading strategies should be applied for better learning outcomes during book reading.

Translated title of the contributionAn eye-tracking study of picture book reading in preschool children with and without language delay
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)299-316
Number of pages18
JournalCommunication Sciences and Disorders
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Book reading
  • Children with vocabulary delay
  • Eye movement
  • Eye tracker
  • Eye tracking

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