β-Carotene suppresses cancer cachexia by regulating the adipose tissue metabolism and gut microbiota dysregulation

Yerin Kim, Sunil Jung, Gwoncheol Park, Hakdong Shin, Seung Chul Heo, Yuri Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cancer cachexia is a metabolic disease affecting multiple organs and characterized by loss adipose and muscle tissues. Metabolic dysregulated of adipose tissue has a crucial role in cancer cachexia. β-Carotene (BC) is stored in adipose tissues and increases muscle mass and differentiation. However, its regulatory effects on adipose tissues in cancer cachexia have not been investigated yet. In this study, we found that BC supplementations could inhibit several cancer cachexia-related changes, including decreased carcass-tumor (carcass weight after tumor removal), adipose weights, and muscle weights in CT26-induced cancer cachexia mice. Moreover, BC supplementations suppressed cancer cachexia-induced lipolysis, fat browning, hepatic gluconeogenesis, and systemic inflammation. Altered diversity and composition of gut microbiota in cancer cachexia were restored by the BC supplementations. BC treatments could reverse the down-regulated adipogenesis and dysregulated mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis in adipocytes and colon cancer organoid co-culture systems. Taken together, these results suggest that BC can be a potential therapeutic strategy for cancer cachexia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109248
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume114
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Cancer cachexia
  • Microbiota
  • Organoid
  • β-carotene

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